EDI combines effective design components and delivery strategies into well-crafted lessons. DataWORKS’ researchers write lessons based on the deconstructed state standards and state-test released questions. These pre-written lessons allow teachers to focus their time and energy on implementing the highly-effective delivery strategies included in EDI. They also help teachers and administrators see how the nine components of EDI lessons work together to match the learning objective to the independent practice at the end of a lesson.
Prompts for Teachers and Students
EDI pre-written lessons include Checking For Understanding questions that teachers can use during instruction. Sometimes, they serve as good prompts for teachers to develop their own questions to check student understanding before moving through instruction. The questions provided by DataWORKS’ researchers also provide sentence frames and guides for students, so they can see how they should answer a question.
EDI's Nine Lesson Design Components
First, state content standards are deconstructed into specific learning objectives. Each learning objective includes a concept and a skill. In the Learning Objective of EDI lessons, academic vocabulary is defined for students.
Next, a good example of prior knowledge is given. Activating Prior Knowledge transfers a general student experience or prior academic knowledge relevant to the lesson’s concept and skill from long-term memory into working memory. Checking for Understanding questions help students connect the Learning Objective with the prior knowledge.
Then, Concept Development teaches the big idea of the lesson. Concept Development may provide definitions, rules, examples, and/or tables. This section mirrors the skill that students will apply in Independent Practice, but strong Concept Development is important because it allows students to generalize their new knowledge to other situations in school and life. Checking for Understanding questions ask students to restate definitions, apply lesson concepts to examples, and justify their answers.
After that, teaching Lesson Importance insures that students understand the relevancy of the Learning Objective. Reasons include personal importance, academic importance, and real-life importance. Checking for Understanding questions give students an opportunity to come up with their own reasons why the lesson is important to them or restate one of the reasons given for why the lesson is important. When available, state content standard released questions are included.
Next, Skill Development is critical. This is where skill application is modeled by the teacher. EDI lessons guide the teacher to demonstrate and model the skill from the Learning Objective, as well as the thought processes and actions involved.
Checking for Understanding questions require students to restate the teacher’s thought processes and justify their answers. EDI lessons incorporate the Rule of 2, where the teacher works a step, checks for understanding, then students work the same step in a different but similar problem.
Coupled with Skill Development, Guided Practice presents an opportunity for the teacher to walk the entire class through the steps of performing the skill of the lesson. Checking for Understanding questions are meant to be asked after each step to make sure students get it right before moving ahead.
To wrap up the lesson, Closure includes Checking for Understanding questions first. Students restate the Learning Objective and Importance, and give the reason they deem most important for knowing the lesson. Then, they work a low-level problem to prove they are ready to work on their own.
To end the lesson, Independent Practice includes all variations of the concept and skill just taught by the teacher. This part of the lesson can be done at the end of the lesson or be assigned as homework. This provides students additional repetitions of recalling the concept and applying the skill taught during the lesson.
To finish the process of transferring the concept and skill of each lesson to long-term memory, EDI lessons include Periodic Reviews to give students even more repetitions at intervals of 2, 6, and 15 days after the lesson is taught.